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Comparative Characteristics of Materials

Products made of polymer-sand composites are advanced artificially created materials that are widely used in the construction industry.

Due to the composition and structure the polymer-sand composite products combine themselves a complex of consumer qualities not inherent in like products-substitutes, made from traditional materials.

Comparative characteristics of polymer-sand products on the example of roof tiles


Ceramic tile Polymer-sand roof tile Cement-sand tile Metal shingle Bituminous (soft) tile Corrugated sheets (Onduline type)
Type of roofing material Baked clay + dye 70% sand, 30% binder resin, dye Silica sand + cement + dye + 0.5 mm metal sheet + protective coating of several tens of microns Fiberglass impregnated with bitumen Cardboard impregnated with bitumen
Weight of 1 m² from 40 kg 18.5 kg from 40 kg 4–6 kg 4–6 kg 3–4 kg
Lifetime, warranty more than 100 years, a 30 year guarantee more than 100 years, a 50 year guarantee about 50 years, a 30 year guarantee about 15–20 years, a 5 year guarantee about 30 years, a 10 year guarantee about 20 years, a 10 year guarantee
Cost of 1 m² from 15 c.u. from 10 c.u. from 10 c.u. from 8 c.u. from 15 c.u. (including the cost of required water-resistant plate) from 4 c.u.


Type of roof Benefits Disadvantages
Ceramic tile
  1. Durability of the roof (belongs to high-quality products).
  2. Noble appearance.
  3. Safety of all qualities and characteristics for decades.
  4. Excellent heat and sound insulation.
  5. Resistance to temperature fluctuations.
  6. Resistance to aggressive media.
  7. Ease of use and simplicity of the roof repairs.
  8. Environmental friendly.
  9. Fire safety.
  1. Large mass of material that requires a strengthening of the supporting structure of the roof.
  2. Fragility of the material, it is easily cracked.
  3. Complexity and high cost of installation, it is difficult to process when sawing.
  4. Porous surface promotes development of microorganisms.
  5. Relatively high price (price of quality tiles starts from 15 c.u.)
Polymer-sand roof tile
  1. Durability
  2. Presentable appearance as that of a natural tile.
  3. Save all the properties and characteristics for decades (tested in different climatic zones).
  4. Excellent heat and sound insulation.
  5. Resistance to temperature fluctuations and impact of micro-organisms (absence of surface porosity).
  6. Resistance to aggressive media.
  7. High strength of the material (not beating at random falls during assembly and repair of the roof).
  8. Easily processed (cut with a hacksaw or "Bulgarian" without the use of special cutting blades).
  9. It does not require reinforcement of roof structure.
  10. Ease of use and simplicity of maintenance of the roof.
  11. Environmental friendly.
  12. Low price, taking into account preparation of truss construction.
  1. Availability at roofing market of low-quality products from manufacturers who do not respect the production technology and using unstable colorants.
  2. The products are unknown on the market as a kind of roofing material, low awareness of consumer product properties.
Cement-sand roof tile
  1. Durability (belongs to high-quality products).
  2. Noble appearance.
  3. Maintaining of all properties and characteristics for decades.
  4. Excellent heat and sound insulation.
  5. Ease of use and simplicity of maintenance of the roof.
  6. Environmental friendly.
  7. Fire safety.
  8. Relatively low cost.
  1. Large mass of the tiles requires a strengthening of the supporting structure of the roof.
  2. Fragility of the material, it is easily cracked.
  3. Porous structure affects the frost resistance (temperature changes), favorable for the development of microorganisms.
  4. High labor intensity and high cost of installation.
Metal shingle
  1. Low weight, does not require reinforcement of truss construction.
  2. Resistance to temperature fluctuations and "blooms" due to absence of porosity.
  3. It is easy to be processed.
  4. Easy and quick installation
  5. Environmental friendly.
  6. Fire safety.
  1. Non-durable roof.
  2. Low heat and sound insulation, which leads to increased demands on thermal insulation and expenses for heat and sound insulation underlying materials.
  3. Exposure to corrosion, which is especially evident in a humid climate.
  4. Need for lightning devices.
  5. High wind resistance and likelihood of resonance oscillations of sheets.
  6. Observe care when mounting to avoid damage to the protective coating.
  7. Large quantity of waste, especially for complex geometry of the roof.
  8. Unhandy in operation.
Bituminous (soft) tile
  1. Low weight, does not require reinforcement of truss construction.
  2. Excellent heat and sound insulation.
  3. Ease of handling and installation of the roof material.
  4. Ability to cover complex shapes of curved roof.
  1. Need to use water-resistant wooden boards, which doubles the cost of coverage.
  2. Low resistance to temperature extremes and mechanical stresses, leading to cracks and breaks.
  3. Unhandy in operation (requires accuracy in handling).
  4. Exposure to aggressive environments and UV rays, the effects of microorganisms.
  5. Fire hazard.
  6. Rather high price.
Corrugated sheets (Onduline type)
  1. Low weight, does not require reinforcement of truss construction.
  2. Ease of handling and installation of the roof material.
  3. Ease of operation and maintenance.
  4. Relatively low cost.
  1. Non-durable.
  2. Exposure to aggressive environments and UV rays, the effects of microorganisms.
  3. Tendency to fade.
  4. Large quantity of waste, especially for complex geometry of the roof.
  5. High windage.
  6. Fire hazard.

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